ALSO ON DECEMBER 1 IN HISTORY…
1893 — Munich “soviet” leader Ernst Toller born, Samotschin, Germany.
1919 — Alexander Berkman, Emma Goldman, and other radicals
deported from “Land of the Free,” go to Russia.
1935 — American filmmaker Woody Allen born, Brooklyn, New York.
1955 — Black American protester Rosa Parks refuses to go to back of bus.
July 10– GEORGES BATAILLE
Radical French philosopher of the exuberant irrational.
JULY 10, 2009 HOLIDAYS AND FESTIVALS
*Bahamas: Independence Day.
*Ancient Greece: New Robe for Athena Day. Procession headed by model ship on wheels with her robe flying like a sail from the mast, followed by herdsmen with animals for sacrifice, musicians, slaves with trays of gifts, chariots and horsemen. At the Acropolis, sacrifices were made and robe was draped over Athena’s shoulders.
MAY 31, 2009 HOLIDAYS AND FESTIVALS
*Ancient Rome: Ambarvalia, no work; plows and tools wreathed in flowers. Silent processions, incense, chanting of priests, animal sacrifices to Ceres, Bacchus and others. Urns of the dead decked in flowers, followed by wine and noisy feasting.
ALSO ON MAY 14 IN HISTORY…
1771 — Industrialist utopianist Robert Owen born, Wales.
1935 — Salvadorean poet, martyr Roque Dalton born, San Salvador.
1940 — Anarchist Emma Goldman dies, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
1967 — American communist writer Mike Gold dies, San Francisco, CA.
1973 — Skylab orbital space station launched.
1981 — Pope John Paul ll seriously wounded by gunman, Vatican City